Antibiotic Stewardship / Newborn Sepsis

Sepsis in a newborn is a serious and potentially life threatening condition.  Currently, there are varied approaches to identification and management of at-risk infants.  These approaches differ in defining at-risk infants, predictive value and timing of laboratory tests, antibiotics prescribed for treatment and duration of antibiotic administration.  This variation introduces the potential for less than optimal quality of care, excessive or unnecessary exposure of newborns to antibiotics and higher costs of care.

Neonatal exposure to antibiotics is not without risk.  The CDC estimates that nearly 50% of antibiotics are unnecessary or suboptimally effective as prescribed; multiple literature sources have demonstrated an increased risk of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), nosocomial infection and mortality with neonatal antibiotic exposure. 

Current literature suggests Antibiotic Stewardship programs are beneficial in optimizing pharmacokinectics of medications, reducing adverse effects of antibiotic exposure and antibiotic resistance, enhancing successful treatment of infection and improving patient safety.

PQCNC Antibiotic Stewardship perinatal quality improvement teams (PQITs) will share strategies and lessons learned to develop potentially better practices and employ QI methodologies to establish a standard of care within North Carolina hospitals including:
•    Providing the education and support necessary to develop standards of care for identification and management of infants at risk for early onset sepsis in NC hospitals.
•    Engaging families to further provide further education on the necessity and appropriate use of antibiotics.

By January 2018, PQITs in NC hospitals will utilize defined best practices for evaluating risk for sepsis to demonstrate a decrease of 20% in the number of patients exposed to any antibiotic and a decrease of 20% in duration of antibiotic administration past the first 48 hours of life with negative blood or CSF cultures.

Updates

Updates

February 21, 2017 -  Enrollment in the PQCNC Antibiotic Stewardship/Neonatal sepsis initiative continues to grow including newborn nurseries and neonatal intensive care units across North Carolina as well as Virginia, Hawaii and Italy.   Read more...
December 23, 2016 - Teams have been collecting baseline data on all infants administered antibiotics for the past few months and getting ready to attend the January 10th kickoff meeting.  Current enrollment in North Carolina stands at 37 teams Read more...
Results

Results

Charter, Action Plan, beginning data collection...

asns charter

 

Learn more...