Antibiotic Stewardship / Newborn Sepsis

Sepsis in a newborn is a serious and potentially life threatening condition.  Currently, there are varied approaches to identification and management of at-risk infants.  These approaches differ in defining at-risk infants, predictive value and timing of laboratory tests, antibiotics prescribed for treatment and duration of antibiotic administration.  This variation introduces the potential for less than optimal quality of care, excessive or unnecessary exposure of newborns to antibiotics and higher costs of care.

Neonatal exposure to antibiotics is not without risk.  The CDC estimates that nearly 50% of antibiotics are unnecessary or suboptimally effective as prescribed; multiple literature sources have demonstrated an increased risk of necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), nosocomial infection and mortality with neonatal antibiotic exposure. 

Current literature suggests Antibiotic Stewardship programs are beneficial in optimizing pharmacokinectics of medications, reducing adverse effects of antibiotic exposure and antibiotic resistance, enhancing successful treatment of infection and improving patient safety.

PQCNC Antibiotic Stewardship perinatal quality improvement teams (PQITs) will share strategies and lessons learned to develop potentially better practices and employ QI methodologies to establish a standard of care within North Carolina hospitals including:
•    Providing the education and support necessary to develop standards of care for identification and management of infants at risk for early onset sepsis in NC hospitals.
•    Engaging families to further provide further education on the necessity and appropriate use of antibiotics.

By January 2018, PQITs in NC hospitals will utilize defined best practices for evaluating risk for sepsis to demonstrate a decrease of 20% in the number of patients exposed to any antibiotic and a decrease of 20% in duration of antibiotic administration past the first 48 hours of life with negative blood or CSF cultures.



June 22, 2017 - As we focus on early onset sepsis in the newborn, the maternal diagnosis of chorioamnionitis inextricably results in antibiotic exposure in this population; sometimes unnecessarily.PQCNC recently shared new guidelines with ASNS Read more...
May 17, 2017 - Early results: Baseline data collection showed an antibiotic exposure rate for all newborns in ASNS of 12.9% for both Newborn Nursery and NICU.  As ASNS PQITs continue working towards implementing various elements of the Read more...


Charter, Action Plan, beginning data collection...

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